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May 21, 2013

how to say "disturbance" in Hebrew


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הַפְרָעָה

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If you already know some Hebrew, you may be familiar with the word for to disturb - לְהַפְרִיעַ, an active-causative הִפְעִיל verb.

For example:

מוֹרֶה: לֹא לְהַפְרִיעַ בַּשִּׁעוּר!
Teacher (a male): Do not disturb (during the) class!

The noun form of להפריע, a disturbance, is הַפְרָעָה
. And הפרעה is also the word for disorder, such as in the Hebrew term for ADHD (Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder) - הַפְרַעַת קֶשֶׁב וְרִכּוּז(literally, Disorder of Attention and Concentration).

To call someone disturbed, you'd use מֻפְרָעfor a male and מֻפְרַעַתfor a female. מופרע and מופרעת derive from the passive-causative הֻפְעַל verb form.

For example:

מְבַצֵּעַ הַטֶּבַח בַּבַּנְק בִּבְאֵר שֶׁבַע הָיָה אָדָם מֻפְרָע.
The perpetrator of the massacre at the bank in Beer Sheba was a disturbed person.

Here's an article in English about the incident, and here's one in Hebrew.


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