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Dec 28, 2012

how to say "economy" in Hebrew


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כַּלְכָּלָה
this week's video!

The Modern-Hebrew word for economy and the study of economics is כַּלְכָּלָה

An associated (active-intensive פִּעֵל) verb is לְכַלְכֵּל - to provide for, appearing in the Torah portion to be read this Shabbat by Jews around the world, as Joseph tells his brothers:


וְעַתָּה, אַל-תִּירָאוּ - אָנֹכִי אֲכַלְכֵּל אֶתְכֶם, וְאֶת-טַפְּכֶם; וַיְנַחֵם אוֹתָם, וַיְדַבֵּר עַל לִבָּם.  (בראשית נ':כ"א)
"And now, do not fear - I will support (provide for) you and your children"; and he consoled them and spoke to their hearts. (Genesis 50:21)



You may also be familiar with the verb לכלכל from the Jewish prayer book:

מְכַלְכֵּל חַיִים בְּחֶסֶד...
He sustains the living with kindness...


כ.ל.כ.ל (k.l.k.l), the four-letter root of כלכלה and לכלכל , probably derives from a better-known root, כ.ו.ל (k.w.l) meaning all or all-encompassing

Riding on the concept of providing all that is necessary, the word כלכלה in the times of the Mishnah referred to a basket of full of produce. And today, כלכלה also refers to board as in room and board.

For example:



בֵּית הָהַאֲרָחָה שֶׁלָּנוּ מְסַפֵּק כַּלְכָּלָה מְלֵאָה לְכָל אוֹרֵחַ.
Our guest house provides full board (i.e. all meals) for each guest.



שַׁבָּת שָׁלוֹם וְסוֹף שָׁבוּעַ נָעִים לְכֻלָּם!
Shabbat Shalom, and a pleasant weekend to all!


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