Oct 31, 2014
Oct 30, 2014
Two of the first words we teach in Ulpan La-Inyan are sir and ma'am - אֲדוֹנִי listen and repeat and גְּבֶרֶת listen and repeat, respectively. These mean literally, my master and lady.
גברת refers to a lady or a woman of status, as in the title of the musical:
My Fair Lady
Her male counterpart is גְּבִיר listen and repeat, a lord or a man of great wealth, as in:
בָּרוֹן רוֹטְשִׁילְד הָיָה גְּבִיר.
Baron Rothschild was a lord.
Oct 29, 2014
The main street in Raanana is called אֲחֻזָּה (pronounced colloquially like this). It means estate, and it comes from the root א.ח.ז (a.kh.z) meaning holding onto something.
Sometimes a mansion is called an אחוזה listen and repeat, as in:
זֶה לֹא בַּיִת - זֶה אֲחֻזָּה.
That's not a house - it's a mansion.
Related words include:
נֶכֶס - property, asset (of substantial value) listen and repeat
ׁרְכוּש - property, asset (not necessarily of substantial value) listen and repeat
נַחֲלָה - estate, privately-owned land listen and repeat
Oct 28, 2014
Some of you may recall the 1992 movie Encino Man. It's about a frozen caveman who is dug up in a suburban backyard and helps two high school seniors become the most popular kids in school. I recently watched the movie again and relived part of my childhood.
The Hebrew term for a caveman or prehistoric man is הָאָדָם הַקַּדְמוֹן listen and repeat, where אדם listen and repeat means man and קדמון listen and repeat means ancient.
נִמְצָא שֶׁלֶד שֶׁל הָאָדָם הַקַּדְמוֹן בְּרָמַת הַגּוֹלָן.
A skeleton of prehistoric man was found in the Golan Heights.
Another term for caveman is a literal translation: אִישׁ מְעָרוֹת listen and repeat - a man of caves.
Oct 27, 2014
Seeing is one of the simplest concepts to describe in language. Hebrew expresses it using a verb of the "simple" verb form: לִרְאוֹת listen and repeat, of the root ר.א.ה (r.a.h).
To express causing someone to see something - showing it to them - Hebrew employs the causative verb form, yielding לְהַרְאוֹת listen and repeat.
Here's a Biblical-Hebrew example:
...לֵךְ לְךָ מֵאַרְצְךָ וּמִמּוֹלַדְתְּךָ וּמִבֵּית אָבִיךָ אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אַרְאֶךָּ.
...go from your land and from your birthplace and from your father's home to the land that I will show you.
And here's a Modern-Hebrew example:
הִיא הֶרְאֲתָה לָנוּ אֶת הַגִּנָּה הַחֲדָשָׁה שֶׁלָּהּ.
She showed us her new garden.
Oct 26, 2014
Just like the English word gift comes from the verb give, colloquial Hebrew's word for it is מַתָּנָה listen and repeat, coming from the verb לָתֵת listen and repeat - to give.
לֹא רַק יְלָדִים אוֹהֲבִים לְקַבֵּל מַתָּנוֹת.
Not only children like receiving gifts.
Another authentically word for gift is שַׁי listen and repeat - also a name - but this word is used more rarely.
Another word that came to Hebrew via Greek is דּוֹרוֹן listen and repeat, also a name.